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Yangon (Rangoon) Myanmar Burma

Yangon   Mandalay   Bagan

Yangon, population of nearly 5,000,000  (2007 census), formerly Rangoon, is the largest city and former capital of Myanmar (previously known as Burma, prior to 1989). The city is located at the convergence of the Yangon and Bago Rivers about 19 miles (30 km) away from the Gulf of Martaban. At 1648' North, 9609' East (16.8, 96.15), its standard time zone is UTC/GMT +6:30 hours. In November 2005, the military junta began relocating the capital to Naypyidaw, Mandalay Division which was officially named as the new capital on 26 March 2006.

Yangon is a combination of the two words yan and koun, which mean "enemies" and "run out of" respectively. It is also translated as "end of strife". "Rangoon" most likely comes from the British corruption of the pronunciation of "Yangon" in the Arakanese dialect of Burmese.

Yangon had been a model city in Southeast Asia. Three kinds of roads were incorporated into the design. Roads running west to east were broad roads 160 feet (49 m) wide. Roads running south consisted of two small 30 feet (9.1 m) wide roads, one medium-sized road 50 feet (15 m) wide, two more 35 feet wide roads and then one broad 100 feet (30 m) wide road. This order was repeated from west to east. The smaller roads were numbered, while the medium and broad roads were given names, some for eminent persons of that time.

As laid down, there was the 100 foot wide Lanmadaw Road, followed by 17th and 18th street, which were small roads, then the medium 58 foot road Sint-O-Dan Road, next the smaller 19th and 20th streets, followed by 100 foot wide Latha Road, followed again by the two numbered small roads 21st and 22nd streets.

The roads running parallel west to east were the Strand Road, Merchant Road, Dalhousie Road (Maha Bandoola), Fraser Road, (Anawrahta) and Montgomery Commissioner Road (Bogyoke Aung San).

After leading of Military Leader General Ne Win from 1962, Yangon is relatively undeveloped as compared to other major cities in Southeast Asia. Construction is booming, mostly through the influx of foreign investment (from Singapore and China). Many multi-storied residential and commercial buildings (taik) have been reconstructed or remodelled throughout Downtown and the Greater Yangon areas. Yangon has the largest number of colonial buildings in Southeast Asia today.[2] Government offices inside colonial buildings (e.g. High Court, City Hall, Bogyoke Market and General Hospital) have been listed for renovation.[3] New Towns and other suburban areas, such as Thaketa Township continue to be impoverished.

Yangon   Mandalay   Bagan


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